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Current expenditures on R&D activity

Personnel costs as well as costs of used materials, non-durable articles and energy, costs of external services (other than R&D), including external processing, transport, renovation, banking, postal, ICT, publishing or municipal services, costs of business trips and other current costs including, in particular, taxes and fees charging

costs of activity and profits, property insurance, and equivalents for the benefit of employees - in a part in which they relate to R&D. Depreciation of fixed assets and VAT are excluded.

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Statistics Poland